The Abbey of Monte Cassino in Italy was heavily bombed and destroyed by Allied bombers in February of 1944. The Allies thought that the Germans had placed soldiers in the monastery but the Germans had not done so. The Abbey buildings were completely destroyed. But the art treasures that it contained (including paintings by DaVinci, Titian, Raphael, a 70,000 volume library and ancient manuscripts) had been saved and sent to Rome thanks to the foresight of Lieutenant-Colonel Julius Schlegel who provided transport to the Abbey in October to remove these treasures to Rome. Schlegel had been a librarian and art historian in Vienna before the war.